Lung cancer screening
A typical lung cancer screening program involves multiple departments including radiology, oncology, thoracic surgery, and pulmonology.
In oncology, earlier detection means more lung cancers can be found at stages I and II – these are stages where the disease is less complex with higher survivability. Earlier detection of lung cancer carries the obvious benefit of improving outcomes for patients and the less-obvious benefit of decreasing the cost of care because cancer treatment at early stages can be less complex.1,2
Likewise in thoracic surgery these efforts could lead to increased need for biopsies and/or lung resections.
Finally, in pulmonology, heavy smokers are likely to have significant chronic conditions of the lung such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
1 National Cancer Institute. Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®). Cancer.gov. [Cited May 2015.] http://www.cancer.gov/types/lung/patient/non-small-cell-lung-treatment-pdq
2 Eldridge, L. Lung cancer survival rates by type and stage. About Health. [Cited May 2015] http://lungcancer.about.com/od/whatislungcancer/a/lungcancersurvivalrates.htm